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Spine Surgeries

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    Spine Surgeries

    Overview

    Surgery to join two or more vertebrae in your spine is performed to permanently join them together and eliminate movement between them.

    To replicate the natural healing process of damaged bones, procedures for spinal fusion are used in the procedure. During a spinal fusion procedure, your surgeon inserts bone or a bonelike substance between two spinal vertebrae to stabilize the spine. Metal plates, screws, and rods may be used to keep the vertebrae together so that they may mend and fuse to form a single solid unit after the surgery.

    Everything You Need To Know About Spine Surgeries

    Imaging during Spine Surgery

    Computer-assisted image guiding enables surgeons to see the operation site with significantly more clarity than they could previously achieve using conventional visualization methods. Also possible is the placement and insertion of implants like rods or screws, which can be done more precisely and precisely than is often possible with traditional procedures.

    While the patient is undergoing surgery, images were taken preoperatively (before surgery) are combined with images obtained while the patient is in surgery, providing real-time views of the anatomical position and orientation of the operative site. Computer-assisted image guidance is used in a variety of surgical procedures. A high degree of accuracy and safety is achieved with the use of computed tomography (CT) before surgery and intraoperative fluoroscopy (real-time x-ray) during the procedure.

    Certain patients are not suitable candidates for MISS operations. There must be a high degree of confidence that the same or better outcomes may be obtained with MISS approaches as can be obtained through an open process.

    Types

    There are a variety of problems that might result in the need for spine surgery. The following are examples of standard operating procedures:

    • Microdiscectomy or Discectomy: Intervertebral disc replacement after herniation. As a result, relieving the nerve’s compression will be necessary. The MISS technique is microdiscectomy.
    • Laminectomy: The removal of the laminae, a thin bony plate on the rear of the vertebra, to expand the spinal canal’s capacity and remove pressure on the nerves.
    • Laminotomy: The spinal cord is protected by the lamina of the vertebral arch, which is removed during the procedure. In comparison to a laminectomy, a laminotomy eliminates less bone.

    Decompression operations include laminectomy and laminotomy. The term “decompression” typically refers to the removal of tissue that is compressing a spinal nerve.

    • Foraminotomy: Removing bone or tissue from the neural foramen (the pathway where the spinal cord’s nerve roots split off and leave the spinal column).
    • Disc replacement: An artificial disc may be used instead of the damaged natural one as an alternative to fusion.
    • Spinal fusion: A surgical procedure that joins two vertebrae together. In certain cases, bone graft with or without instrumentation may be used in the spinal fusion procedure (eg, rods, screws). Autograft (your bone) and donor’s bone are two common forms of bone grafts (allograft). There are several ways to achieve fusion:

    ALIF, PLIF, TLIF, and LIF: All have to do with lumbar interbody fusion, which is utilised to keep the spine stable by fusing the vertebrae together.

    • Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion
    • Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion
    • TLIF (Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion) is a surgical technique that uses an incision in the foramen magnum.
    • In lateral interbody fusion, the approach is taken from the side of the body, resulting in less invasive surgery.

    Which conditions need Spine Surgeries

    When someone comes to the doctor with extremities problems, it is nearly always recommended that they first see their primary care physician for a diagnosis and treatment plan. Typically, if a person is suffering low back or neck discomfort, the doctor will monitor them over time and advise them to maintain excellent, steady physical activity to determine whether or not the problem has been resolved. If physical exercise, over-the-counter therapies, pain management, and anti-inflammatory medications do not alleviate the problem, the next step would be to consult with a doctor for further examination.

    Many individuals with spine disorders may be treated non-surgically, which saves them money and time. It is typically suggested, to begin with, physical therapy and home exercises, then go on to medication and, in some cases, spinal injections before contemplating surgery. If the condition has not been remedied after many attempts, surgery may be a possibility.

    A patient with substantial neurogenic pain in the extremities who have tried non-surgical treatment but has not found relief may benefit from the surgical intervention in this situation. If non-surgical care has proven ineffective in alleviating symptoms associated with spinal cord or nerve root compressions, such as substantial weakness in an arm, leg, or limb, you may be proposed for surgical surgery to alleviate the symptoms.

    Conclusion

    Whenever possible, we attempt to assist patients by providing professional surgical opinions, and when surgery is not required, we assist them in navigating alternative relevant choices by linking them with the most appropriate spine care specialist for their particular situation.

    Our spine team can manage any spine condition, from the most basic to the most complicated, in a seamless manner, all while remaining within the same healthcare organization.

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