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Blog-2 – Fear of pneumonia!

The word pneumonia strikes fear in the heart of people, most especially in parents who have been given the news that their child has been diagnosed with the disease. However, it is possible to prevent and treat pneumonia.

Fear of pneumonia!
Dr. Amita Phadnis, Pediatrician

The word pneumonia strikes fear in the heart of people, most especially in parents who have been given the news that their child has been diagnosed with the disease. However, it is possible to prevent and treat pneumonia. Practicing the right care at the right time is the remedy for removing mental fears about this illness.

Pneumonia is a bacterial or fungal infection of the lungs. Bacterial pneumonia is a more common form of the disease. Human lungs contain small bags of air. When a person has pneumonia, these bags get swollen, resulting in common symptoms like chest pains while breathing, and coughing.  Immunization offers protection against pneumonia. The pneumococcal vaccine and Hib vaccine (Haemophilus influenza) inhibit bacterial pneumonia and the H1N1 vaccine (swine flu) influences certain types of viral pneumonia. These vaccines can be given at the age of five. The pneumococcal and HB vaccines can also be given to adults, especially to those over 65 years of age or suffering other ailments.

In the last few years, the increase in public awareness of the pneumonia vaccination has helped reduce the incidence of pneumonia. This means that the problem of pneumonia is in fact resolvable. However, according to data from the World Health Council (WHO) data, a child is infected every twenty seconds on a global scale. Apart from vaccination, adequate hygiene and keeping children away from infectious diseases is essential. If the child is suffering from frequent cough or allergies, it will also help to instal an air purifier in the home.

Special care should be taken of children who suffer from frequent cough, colds or fevers. Pneumonia does not always occur from these illnesses, however it is important to take children to the doctor to ensure the type and intensity of the symptoms and start treatment early. It has been seen that a common illness like cold-blooded cough can be prevented in the next phase of pneumonia. If there is even a hint of a doubt as to pneumonia in the child’s symptoms, then the parents should consult a pediatrician immediately.

Old age is called a second childhood. In the case of pneumonia, it is necessary to take care of the elderly with as much care as children. The elderly who have respiratory traumatic or lung diseases (eg, black asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases) or other diseases like diabetes and high blood pressure are more likely to contract pneumonia after they are infected with respiratory tract illnesses.

Fungal pneumonia is generally less common. Certain diseases or procedures that weaken a person’s immune system (such as chemotherapy or diabetes) increase the likelihood of contracting this form of the disease.

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