World First Aid Day
The term “First Aid” refers to the assistance given to anyone suffering a sudden injury or illness. Its main goals are to preserve life
and prevent the condition from worsening. It is not always performed by medical personnel. In emergency situations, ordinary
people often have to perform first aid to save someone's life. World First Aid Day aims at raising awareness of how first aid can prevent
injuries and save lives in everyday and crisis situations, as well as at promoting the accessibility of the first aid. It is recommended that
each individual should undergo a course in First aid management and also Basic life support, & should keep updating the knowledge by
doing refresher course.
It was instituted by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) in 2000 and has been celebrated each
year ever since. Every year a new global theme is chosen for WFAD this year is ‘First Response to Road Crashes’, encapsulated by the
slogan, “You don’t need a license to save lives”.
Road traffic injuries claim more than 1.34 million lives each year and have a huge impact on health and development. Road traffic injuries
are the leading cause of death among young people aged between 15 and 29 years.One of the most common causes of death for road crash casualties is anoxia, a lack of oxygen supply caused by a blocked airway. Low and middle-income countries are affected the worst, with double the
fatality rates of high-income countries and 90% of global road traffic deaths. Road traffic crashes rank as the 9th leading cause of death
and account for 2.2% of all deaths globally, and are predicted to become the seventh leading cause of death by 2030.
At a broader level, First Aid contributes towards the Sustainable Development ‘Ensure Healthy Lives and Promote Wellbeing for All at
All Ages’ and Government of India’s commitment towards ‘Health for All’.