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Healthy Sleep Habits for Children: Tips for Parents

Healthy Sleep Habits for Children: Tips for Parents

Good sleep is essential for children’s health and development. Yet getting kids to sleep can sometimes feel like an uphill battle. Establishing healthy sleep habits early on sets foundation for a lifetime of good sleep. Here are some practical tips. They will help...

Ovarian Cancer

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    gynecological-ovarian-cancer

    Overview

    Oncology describes cancer as a disease that arises when cells inside the body start to grow unnaturally. Any part of the body might be affected by this. Ovarian cancer develops as a result of an ovary that has undergone this aberrant development. Every cell in your body goes through its own life span, developing, reproducing, and eventually being replaced by a whole new one.

    When they no longer perform correctly or have overstayed their welcome, they even experience “cell death” – at this moment, the cells die. Cells, on the other hand, might begin to grow at an abnormally high rate or stop dying like they should. A tumour is often formed as a result of this aberrant cell proliferation. Both malignant and non-malignant tumors exist.

    Everything You Need To Know About Ovarian Cancer

    What is It?

    Ovarian cancer is indeed a tumour that develops in the ovaries as a result of cell proliferation. The cells reproduce rapidly and have the ability to penetrate and destroy healthy bodily tissue. The women’s reproductive tract consists of 2 ovaries, one on either side of the uterus, which are connected by a tube. The ovaries, which are each roughly the size of an almond, are responsible for the production of eggs (ova), and the hormones oestrogen and progesterone, among other things.

    Causes and Risk Factors

    Ovarian cancer has no known cause, although scientists have found risk factors that may contribute to the illness. Whenever cells in or around the ovaries have alterations (mutations) in their DNA, ovarian cancer develops. The directions for a cell’s actions are included in the cell’s DNA.

    The alterations instruct the cells to replicate and expand rapidly, resulting in a clump of cancer cells. When regular cells normally perish, cancerous cells continue to grow and divide.. To expand (metastasize) to certain other areas of the body, they might infiltrate neighbouring cells and split off from an original tumour.

    The following are some of the factors that might raise your chances of having ovarian cancer:

    • Age is getting on in years – As you become older, your chance of developing ovarian cancer rises. Elderly people are the ones who are most often afflicted with it.
    • Gene modifications that have been passed down across generations – A tiny fraction of ovarian tumours are caused by genetic abnormalities passed down from one’s parents to their children. BRCA1 and BRCA2 are two genes that have been linked to an increased risk of ovarian cancer. These genes are also associated with an increased probability of breast cancer.

    A number of additional gene alterations have been identified as being related with an increased chance of ovarian cancer, such as those linked with Lynch syndrome as well as the genes BRIP1, RAD51C, and RAD51D

    • Ovarian cancer in the family is a possibility – In the event that you have blood relations who’ve been confirmed by ovarian cancer, you will be at an elevated risk of developing the condition as well
    • Being obese or overweight is a condition – Obesity and being obese raise the chances of developing ovarian cancer
    • Hormone replacement treatment for women after menopause – It is possible that using hormone replacement medication to manage menopausal symptoms may raise the chance of developing ovarian cancer
    • Menstruation began and terminated at different ages – Having your first period at a young age, going through menopause at an older period, or doing both may raise your chance of developing ovarian cancer.

    Symptoms

    Ovarian cancer may begin, grow to a considerable size, and spread across the abdomen first before signs are seen. This may make it difficult to identify early on. Symptoms may range from mild to severe, and include:

    • Having abdominal or pelvic pain, irritation, or discomfort
    • Variations in the eating patterns, such as feeling full before you’ve had a chance to eat and losing interest in food. Bloating, burp, and upset stomach are all possible side effects
    • Problems in your bowel movements such as diarrhoea and dysentery are more common when you have atypical menstruation or vaginal secretions (particularly if the bleeding occurs from outside your regular monthly period or once you have been through menopause)
    • Abdominal lumps or a formation of large size of your stomach
    • Urinary incontinence or urge

    Treatments

    The objective of cancer treatment is to get rid of as much cancer as feasible. If you do have ovarian cancer, you will need to have your sexual organs removed, as well as any cancerous organs, such as intestinal segments and the omentum.

    Ovarian cancer may be surgically removed using laparoscopy (minor surgery commonly used for cancer diagnostics) or laparotomy (open surgery). A laparotomy is indeed a surgical operation that opens the abdominal and removes the ovaries. Throughout this treatment, more cancerous organs might be eliminated.

    Your doctor may advise chemotherapy pre or post surgery, based on your cancer’s stage upon detection. Chemotherapy is a group of medications used to treat cancer.

    Conclusion

    However, after ovarian cancer treatment, your doctor will want to monitor your progress. You may get regular check-ups to ensure the cancer has not yet reappeared. During these visits, your doctor may examine you and discuss your symptoms. Notify your provider of any signs you could be experiencing. Your doctor may request imaging studies, usually a CT scan.

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    What is AMH

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