What is Proctology? What Condition They Treat | ONP Hospitals
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Proctology

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    Overview

    Proctology is considered a colorectal exam that allows for the discovery of answers about the proper functioning of the colonic system. Having a smooth functioning colon system is essential for a better digestive system, which makes it critical to determine the cause and severity of any abnormalities that may be present. Therefore, when a general practitioner cannot discover answers to colorectal-related questions, it is preferable to refer the patient to a proctologist.

    Everything You Need To Know About Proctology

    What is It?

    In proctology, you are referred to the study, research, and therapies directed at the lower region of the gastrointestinal system. The Gastrointestinal Tract is considered the essential system in the human body since it is involved in various processes that lead to the performance of vital bodily functions. Therefore, a single error in any step of the process might cause the abdominal function to be disrupted, resulting in pain or discomfort.

    Common Conditions

    Colorectal surgeons specialize in the treatment of illnesses of the digestive system. The anal canal, colon, and perianal regions are the parts of this tract divided into four sections. The digestive tract may be affected by a variety of conditions, including:

    • Abscesses and fistulae: These are infections that have developed around the anus and rectum.
    • Anal skin tags: These are tiny lumps of skin that appear around the anus.
    • Colon and rectal cancer: The colon or the rectum is where this cancer originates.
    • Diverticulitis: An illness in which pouches develop in weak areas throughout the digestive system is called diverticulitis.
    • Fissures: These are tiny rips in the anal lining that have developed.
    • Hemorrhoids: Anus veins are swollen veins that may develop inside or externally surrounding the anus, depending on their location.
    • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD): Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease are examples of inflammatory bowel diseases.
    • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS): IBS is a collection of digestive symptoms unrelated to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). These symptoms include bloating, cramps, constipation, and diarrhea.
    • Polyps: Precancerous growths on the colon that have the potential to develop into colorectal cancer are identified.
    • Rectal prolapse: Anal opening dilation is a condition in which the rectum starts to descend from its original position into the anal aperture.

    Colorectal surgeons may also treat a variety of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), such as the ones listed below:

    • Syphilis
    • Chlamydia
    • Gonorrhea
    • Genital herpes

    What types of procedures do Proctologists do?

    Colorectal surgeons are qualified to conduct a wide range of diagnostic tests and surgical techniques on patients with colorectal cancer. The following are the operations that they do regularly:

    • Anoscopy: This method aids in the identification of anomalies in the anus and rectum.
    • Colonoscopy: An endoscopic colonoscopy is a procedure in which a specialist examines the whole colon and tests for colorectal cancer. Polyps may also be removed by them.
    • Digital rectal exams: This physical examination entails the doctor examining the lower rectum and prostate with their fingertips.
    • Endorectal ultrasound: This is an imaging test that may aid in the diagnosis of colorectal cancer.
    • Proctoscopy: An examination of the rectum and anus is performed, and the removal of polyps and the collection of tissue for biopsies.
    • Sigmoidoscopy: When you have this operation, your doctor will check the bottom section of your colon, referred to as the sigmoid colon.

    Surgeons that specialize in colorectal surgery are educated in a wide range of surgical procedures, including laparoscopic surgery and robotic surgery, among others. They may also provide nonsurgical therapy for a variety of conditions.

    Symptoms

    A colorectal surgeon isn’t likely to come to mind unless another doctor recommends it to you. However, if you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, you should get medical advice.

    • Blood or other liquid coming from the anus
    • Anal itching or burning
    • Fecal incontinence
    • Anal warts, bumps, or the sensation of a foreign body
    • Anal or rectal pain

    For a colorectal surgeon, it’s critical to know the complete range of your symptoms. The more information they have about your symptoms, the easier it is for them to diagnose you and choose the best course of therapy for you.

    That’s why open communication with your colorectal surgeon is so critical. To avoid unneeded testing or a delayed diagnosis and treatment, you should avoid this. Your health might suffer as a result.

    Discussing your rectum, anus, and the digestive system might be difficult since it’s so personal. However, a colorectal surgeon performs this every single day. They’re well-versed on the symptoms that compel people to seek their help, and they’re educated to do it without judging their patients.

    Conclusion

    Known as a colorectal surgeon, a proctologist is a highly skilled medical specialist. All of the digestive system’s problems are addressed by these doctors. It is most common to visit a colorectal surgeon when you have anus, rectum, and colon disorders.

    Discuss any anal or rectal discomfort, bleeding, or pimples you’re experiencing with your doctor. A primary care physician or gastroenterologist might refer colorectal surgeons.

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