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Gynecological Cancers

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    Overview

    Gynecological cancer is cancer that affects different parts of a woman’s reproductive system. It can affect the cervix, ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina, and vulva. It is associated with several risk factors, including family history, obesity, age, and HPV.

    Gynecologic cancer prevention relies heavily on routine Pap screenings, good eating and lifestyle choices, genetic testing, and immunization against the HPV virus.

    To understand these cancers in detail, read the following blog.

    Everything You Need To Know About Gynecological Cancers

    What are Gynecological Cancers?

    Cancer that originates in a woman’s reproductive organs is referred to as gynecologic cancer. Cancer begins when the cells grow and multiply abnormally forming a mass in the organ. It is always referred to by its initial location in the body. A woman’s pelvis, which includes the region below her stomach and between her hip bones, may be affected by several gynecological cancers.

    Types

    Gynecologic cancers are classified into the following categories:

    • Cervical – After breast cancer, cervical cancer kills more women worldwide than any other kind of cancer. Cervical cancer kills 12,000 women in the United States every year. Human papillomaviruses (HPV) are the source of the malignancy, which spreads via sexual contact.

    Women’s bodies can fight off infection, but in certain cases, it might result in cancer. Smoking, having numerous children, having many sexual partners, using birth control pills for an extended period, or having HIV all raise your chances of developing cervical cancer. 

    Initial signs and symptoms such as discomfort in the pelvis or vaginal bleeding are possible as the disease progresses, but they are not certain.

    • Endometrial – In the case of gynecological cancer, endometrial, or uterine, tumors are the most frequent. The actual etiology of the condition is unclear, however higher estrogen levels seem to play a role in its development.

    As the malignancy progresses, the uterus and its surrounding components may alter in size, shape, or consistency. These include diabetes, hypertension, the use of the medicine tamoxifen, and menopause at a later age, all of which raise the risk of breast cancer. 

    A frequent risk factor for getting endometrial cancer is being overweight. Overweight women are more likely to get breast cancer because their estrogen levels are greater.

    • Vulvar – An abnormal development on the external female genital area known as vulvar carcinoma is very uncommon. Elderly ladies are the most common victims of the condition. When diagnosed early, vulvar cancer is highly treatable, however, therapy may affect sexual function, bladder and rectal function, and body image.
    • Ovarian – If you’re over 50, you’re more likely to be diagnosed with ovarian cancer, but it may also afflict younger women. As the main cause of mortality from gynecologic tumors worldwide, uterine cancer kills more women than any other cancer of the reproductive system.

    The etiology of ovarian cancer remains a mystery, and there is currently no effective screening diagnostic for the disease. As the illness progresses, women with ovarian cancer may have no symptoms at all. As a result, more than half of women diagnosed with ovarian cancer are already at an advanced stage.

    • Breast – It’s possible to have breast cancer if the cells in your breasts expand and divide uncontrollably, causing a tumor. Breast cancer risk rises as you become older and heavier. Symptoms of breast cancer include a lump in the breast, a change in breast size, and changes in the skin of the breasts. Mammograms help in early detection and treatment.

    Treatments

    The course of your gynecologic cancer therapy will be determined by your general health, the degree of the illness, and your tolerance for different treatments. Treatment options may include the following:

    • Surgery: Surgery is often used as the main therapy for gynecologic cancer, with the tumor, the afflicted organ, and any lymph nodes located in the para-aortic or groin areas being removed. A gynecologic oncologist who has received specialized training may utilize the da Vinci® Surgical System to perform minimally invasive, robotics-assisted tumor removal with higher accuracy, quicker healing, and less discomfort than traditional surgery.
    • Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy is a kind of cancer treatment that employs focused radioactive waves to destroy cancer cells while also shrinking tumors.
    • Chemotherapy: Chemical treatment, sometimes known as chemotherapy, is a kind of drug that is injected intravenously or orally to destroy cancer cells.
    • Hormone therapy: Hormone treatment may be used to destroy cancer cells or to prevent cancer cells from developing in the first place.
    • Intraperitoneal chemotherapy: The abdominal cavity may be used to give a portion of the chemotherapy for ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer, among other conditions. For patients who are candidates for this technique, long-term survival is greatly enhanced.
    • Clinical trials: Clinical trials are investigations that are conducted to assist researchers in the discovery of viable cancer therapies.

    Conclusion

    Each gynecologic cancer is distinct in that it has its own set of signs and symptoms, as well as its own set of risk factors (things that raise your chances of acquiring the illness) and set of preventative techniques. Gynecologic cancer is a threat to all women, and the danger rises as women become older. When gynecologic tumors are discovered early, the chances of survival are greatly increased.

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