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Pediatric Plastic Surgery

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    Overview

    Some children are born with defects and deformities of which the underlying conditions might include birth distortions, illness, or tumors. Some issues might be solved through simple remedies while few might require treatment through plastic surgeries. 

    Plastic surgery in pediatrics refers to surgical processes for re-constructing and aesthetic enhancements. The main aim of such types of processes are the restoration of body functions and improving life quality for children with anomalies. Anatomical differences might be acquired through traumatic events or might be congenital.

    Everything You Need To Know About Pediatric Plastic Surgery

    Conditions for Plastic Surgery

    Underlying conditions for plastic surgery have been provided below.

    • Birth defects in the face or skull (which is denoted as cleft lip, palates, and others)
    • Ear defects from birth (absent ear)
    • Defects of chest and limbs
    • Birthmarks or scars from injuries
    • Severe injuries in face, hands, arms
    • Aesthetic surgeries

    The treatments for plastic surgeries include

    • Pediatric Reconstructive plastic surgeries
    • Craniofacial surgeries
    • Maxillofacial surgeries
    • Surgeries after severe burns and injuries
    • Surgeries are done post-cancer treatments
    • Facial reanimation

    Treatment Options

    Treatment and surgeries help to correct cleft lip and anomalies of the palate. The medical conditions for improving left clip and palate anomalies might include speech disorder, issues while feeding, genetics, neuropsychology. In addition to this, craniofacial abnormalities are formed due to syndrome and non-syndromic elements which are corrected through plastic surgeries.  Besides therapies and hand surgeries are used for treating neonatal and traumatic brachial plexus. 

    Cleidocranial dysplasia is a very rare genetic factor that impacts the growth and development of the skull, spine, collarbones, legs, and others.  Younger patients who are either born or detected with CCD, are often observed to be fragile while collarbones might be absent in such patients. 

    • Pediatric Hand surgeries– 

    This refers to the treatment of congenital anomalies that are resultant of various types of infections, trauma, and tumors. 

    • Microvascular surgeries

    This condition includes repairing blood vessels, nerves through surgeries. Microscopes are used for restoring and treating issues related to tissue or bone defects.  The resultant might be amputation of the hand, free tissue transfers, and facial paralysis.  The treatment of vascular anomalies includes tumors through Dermatology, interventional radiologist and other types of plastic surgeries  

    • General and aesthetic plastic surgeries

    This includes treating moles, cysts, tumors, burns, and traumatic injuries. Also, many children are born with imperfections that can be addressed through body contouring, rhinoplasty, otoplasty, and others

    Techniques used in Pediatric Plastic Surgeries

     A plastic surgeon might apply some of the below techniques for performing plastic surgeries

    Skin grafting– In case the child has witnessed severe burns or injuries, skin from unaffected areas is scrapped and reused for replacing damaged skins.

    Skin Flapping surgeries– In this case tissues pieces are transferred from one part of the body to the other, maintaining the underlying blood vessels which help the tissues be alive.  It is denoted as flapping surgery as the tissues remain attached to the human during the treatment process.

    Expansion of Tissues – In this technique, the tissues are expanded for allowing the body for regrowing extra skin which further helps in reconstructing the impacted areas.

    Fat transferring– In pediatric plastic surgeries, fats might be used for correcting deformities. The fats are removed from one part of the body and inserted in the impacted areas.

    Vacuum closures– In this technique of plastic surgeries suction methods are used on the wounds. This is done by using sterile foams and gauze in the injury for drawing out fluids which fastens the processes of healing. Some of the other ways of treating the wounds include using make-up with camouflages or similar types of creams. In adverse cases, the deformed limb is replaced with prosthetic and artificial limbs.

    Symptoms of when Doctor Needs to be Visited

    Plastic surgeries are used when deformities occur due to birth and other injuries. The symptoms might be different due to variations in reaction and adaptation from the child’s body.   However, common conditions might include pain, discomforts, excessive bleeding, infection, or scarring. In case of burns, the child must be immediately taken to the general physicians. While in case of birth defects regular check-ups with the doctors and physicians are important. This helps in managing underlying conditions, and thus reducing severe plastic surgeries.

    Conclusion

    Plastic surgeries might hold an important place in severe injuries or deformities. Experienced plastic surgeon for pediatric performs varied types of surgeries for improving the defects. In addition to this, surgeries are performed for birth defects in the face or skull (which is denoted as cleft lip, palates, and others), ear defects from birth (absent ear), defects of chest and limbs, and birthmarks or scars from injuries. Plastic surgeries like pediatric reconstructive plastic surgeries, craniofacial surgeries, and others. It is important for parents for referring to a doctor from birth to receive proper treatment or the right type of surgery.

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