Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) - A Detailed Guide to Help You
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Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD)

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    What is Polycystic Ovarian Disease?

    PCOD or Polycystic Ovarian Disease is a hormonal abnormality with a metabolic and endocrine disorder. The disorder affects women of reproductive age groups between 12-45 years. The disease may occur in any age group after menarche to menopause. Every 1 out of 10 females suffers from PCOD in the world.

    The disease causes excessive production of male hormones or androgens. The ovaries enlarge and discharge partial or immature eggs. As a result, the eggs turn into cysts. These cysts tend to create complications in female reproductive systems and can even cause infertility.

     

    Everything You Need To Know About Polycystic Ovarian Disease

    Causes of Polycystic Ovarian Disease

    Presently, the main reasons for the polycystic ovarian disease are unknown. But besides, there are some reasons behind PCOD, and these are:

    • Excess production of insulin: Pancreas produces insulin which helps to transfer the food into sugar. The cells of the body utilize this sugar to produce energy. But if the body produces more insulin, then the production of androgen occurs. As a result, it may lead to PCOD.
    • Genetic factors:  PCOD also runs in families. There is a high chance of polycystic ovarian disease in women whose family members undergo the same hormonal disorder.
    • Low-grade inflammation: Women who suffer from PCOD may have low-grade inflammation. The inflammation causes the ovaries to produce male hormones. However, heart and blood vessels problems are also a part of this inflammation.
    • Lifestyle: Lifestyle changes can also cause PCOD. Pollution, lack of nutrition, lack of physical movement, or exercises cause metabolic imbalances causes PCOD.
    • Stress and depression: Stress and depression can affect your lifestyle both mentally and physically. It prevents your hormones from performing in a proper manner that may cause many health issues to include PCOD.

    Symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Disease

     Symptoms of PCOD include:

    • Irregular periods
    • Heavy bleeding (miscarriage)
    • Unwanted facial hair growth
    • Acne
    • Weight gain
    • Hair thinning
    • Sleep apnea
    • Type two diabetes
    • Gestational problems
    • Weight gain
    • Headaches
    • Oily skin
    • Liver inflammation
    • Infertility problems
    • Increase in blood pressure

    Complications of Polycystic Ovarian Disease

    The complications of Polycystic Ovarian Disease include:

    • Endometrial cancer risk is higher in PCOD patients.
    • If not treated or managed, PCOD can result in infertility and cause difficulties in conceiving.
    • Obesity-related (With a BMI of more than 30 and a waist circumference of more than 35, high blood pressure, heart disease, and diabetes, are examples of such disorders)
    • In some cases, there is a risk of breast cancer, as well.

    Prevention Tips for Polycystic Ovarian Disease

    The following are some PCOD prevention options:

    • People with diabetes should work hard to keep their blood sugar levels under control.
    • Take preventative measures to control your period cycles, whether through medication, exercise, or nutrition.
    • With the assistance of diet and exercise, try to maintain a healthy weight.
    • You can also utilize medicine to help you manage Polycystic ovarian disease, in addition to the other lifestyle adjustments you’ll need to make to keep your PCOD under control.

    Myths of Polycystic Ovarian Disease

    There are a few myths related to PCOD, which causes many people to believe in it. As a result, they are afraid to treat it:

    • PCOD cannot be treated: It is a false statement because correct medication and a proper diet, PCOD can be controlled.
    • PCOD is a rare disease: No, this is a hormonal disorder that has become common in women.
    • One cannot be pregnant with PCOD: This is also a false statement. Though, there are many hormonal problems and infertility. But if you consult a doctor or take follicle-stimulating drugs, you can still be pregnant.
    • If you have irregular periods, you have PCOD: This is also an incorrect sentence. There are many reasons behind irregular periods.
    • Everyone with PCOD deals with being overweight: This is also a misconception. PCOD can happen to a normal BMI body. Obesity is just a symptom of PCOD.

    Treatments of Polycystic Ovarian Disease

    If you have PCOD, you can consult the doctor for treatment. Some of the treatments are:

    • Contraceptive pills: contraceptive pills contain progesterone and estrogen. As a result, it helps to reduce the male hormones. However, this also helps to regulate your hormones accurately.
    • Progesterone therapy also helps to treat PCOD.
    • Healthy diets can help to control and manage PCOD.
    • Doctors suggest exercises, meditation, and yoga.
    • Fertility drugs can also be given to the patients to improve infertility.
    • To reduce acne, hair growth, many skin treatments are available.

    Conclusion

    Polycystic Ovarian Disease is a common hormonal problem in women. If not treated or managed on time, it can lead to complications, including infertility. If you have PCOD or experience its symptoms, consult a specialist.

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