What is IVF Success Rate ? If one opts for IVF for the first time; the most important thing to know is the success rate of an IVF procedure. Around the world it varies from 35% to 40%. While in some developed countries like Spain; it hovers around the upper limit; it...
Every year more than half of the millions of people visit doctors for kidney stones problems. According to research, it is found that one out of 10 people is bound to have these stones at some point in their life cycles. These are thus concluded as the chronic problems an individual might face.
The generality of kidney stones in the United States has witnessed a growth from the late 1970s with 3.8% to 8.8% till the 2000s. The kidney stone generality also witnesses a growth of 10% during 2013-2014. Apart from this, the risk of occurring kidney stones is quite higher in men with 11% compared to that of women with 9%.
Several other problems like diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, may affect the risk of having these stones in the kidney of individuals.
Everything You Need To Know About Kidney Stone
What is it?
A kidney stone can be defined as a hard object that is commonly found inside the kidney and is formed due to the chemicals and urines. Note all stones are made up of the same crystals, normally four types of kidney stones are available that include uric acid, calcium oxide, cystine, and struvite. This can be, however, be found in other places along the urinary tract including the following:
Urine has various types of waste particles in the dissolved form and when the amount of waste particles gets high in too few liquid crystals starts to for. These crystals further attract other varieties of elements towards it and get bound with it to form a large solid. This will slowly increase until and unless these are removed from the body. Nevertheless, the chemicals are further passed in the urine with the help of the body master chemist, commonly called kidney. Furthermore, in most people, the amount of urinal liquid is high which further helps to wash these chemicals with the added urine.
The stones that can move do not provide much pain and sometimes can be washed out with the help of urine. However, the stones that do not move are painful medical issues.
Anyone can get affected by these problems, but some people are more plausible compared to others. These are quite common in men rather than women and also the non-Hispanic white people are chronic to this compare t the other varieties of authenticities.
Some of the common causes are further described below:
- If you once had these stones.
- Consuming certain medications including diuretics (water pills), or calcium-based antacids.
- Conditions that can create swelling r irritation in the bowel part or joint of the body.
- If you don’t drink enough water.
- The hereditary problem can also lead to this.
- Overweight or obesity is another cause.
- High protein, sugar, or sodium diet intake.
- Conditions that cause the urine to carry a high amount of cysteine, calcium, uric acid, or oxalate.
- Some cystic kidney diseases including Polycystic kidney disease
- Intestinal surgery or gastric bypass surgery.
A kidney stone normally does not cause symptoms until it moves all over the kidney or passes through the kidney to the uterus from the tubes that connect the uterus and the kidney. Sometimes it can block the urine from coming out and then the kidney starts to swell while cramping the urethra. In this some symptoms that can occur includes the following:
- Pain or burning sensation while urinating
- Severe and intolerable pain in the back, side, and below the ribs
- Fluctuating pain in the intestine
- The lower abdominal and groin pain
Some other varieties of symptoms might include:
- Sudden fever and cold chills can occur due to infection
- Red, pink, or brown color urine
- Vomiting or nausea
- Foul-smelling or cloudy urine
- Urinating more than usual with a continuous need to urinate or a small amount of urinating
The treatments of kidney stones can occur after deciding the type of stone present in the body. Stones can evaluate by straining the urine. However, drinking 6-8 glasses of water daily can increase the urine flow. People who are persisted with vomiting and nausea or are dehydrated can think of intravenous fluids.
Some other varieties of treatments include the following that is further described:
Some narcotic medications can help individuals to get relief; however, the presence of infection can further demand antibiotics. Some of the common medicines include in treating this condition are:
- naproxen sodium (Aleve) for pain
- allopurinol (Zyloprim) for uric acid stones
- acetaminophen (Tylenol) for pain
- ibuprofen (Advil) for pain
- phosphorus solutions are used to stop the formation of calcium stones
- thiazide diuretics helps prevent calcium from stone-forming
- urine less acidic by consuming sodium bicarbonate or sodium citrate
When the stone is stuck in the urethra or bladder you doctor can think of surgery performed with the help of the ureteroscope, it is further an instrument that helps to remove the stone.
This device further contains a small wire that contains a camera that is inserted in the urethra and then passes over to the bladder. A small cage is used by the urologist doctor to hold and bring out the stone and remove it, after this it is further sent to the laboratories for further analysis.
This is an extracorporeal shock wave that uses sound waves to break up large stones. This is an uncomfortable procedure that might further require anesthesia. Bruising on the abdomen and the back and bleeding around the kidney can further be caused by this.
The doctor performs a small incision in the back and then the stones are removed with the help of this surgery. A person may demand this process under the following conditions:
- Unmanageable pain
- Excessive growth of the stone
- Obstruction and infection or damage is caused by the stone
The Kidney stone can be dangerous and thus it can create severe problems in the body. Treatment for this is a must, thus if you notice any symptom you should immediately contact the doctor.
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We had an excellent experience at Oyster & Pearl hospital. We were here for emergency baby delivery and after that NICU for baby. Both deliveries for the mother and NICU for the kid were so delicately taken care of that by god's grace everything went well. Dr. Amita, Dr. Nivedita, Resident doctor staff, nursing staff, administration (Akash), cashless facility (TPA) dept everyone's efforts are well appreciated! Recommended.
Best paediatric hospital in Pune. Dr Amita Phadnis is the best paediatric doctor in Pune. The entire staff is the best and supportive. Also, sister Merry is very polite and supportive. Thank you.
Best Maternity hospital around the corner for Pimple Saudagar and nearby residents. Superb management and helpful staff always available for our service. Easy admission and discharge with well experienced staff. Highly recommended!!
ONP Rahatani, is an excellent hospital in Pimple Saudagar. Went there for my delivery. Doctors are really humble and ready to resolve all doubts. Staff is very polite and cooperative. Admin support was exceptional in all matters from the date of admission to discharge. The atmosphere of hospital was fresh, clean and positive. Hospital was well organised and everyone working in the hospital treats its patients with respect and dignity. highly recommend this hospital.
ONP Leela hospital is best gynecology hospital in pimple saudagar, hospital is well organized and treats patients with dignity and respect. The staff is warm and caring. I would recommend this to all those in need of treatment.
I am very happy with the services provided by ONP hospitals best IVF and Maternity hospital. I am also thankful to all the doctors and staff members who supported us throughout the entire process. Special thanks to Dr. Avinash for guidance and encouragement.
Dr Abhijeet Wahegaonkar is a God in orthopaedics with an excellent team ! ONP had Superb management with a caring approach. From admission till discharge, fantastic service.
Took vaccine here on 7th June. Everything is well managed and the staff is also good. Enough two wheeler parking space. The whole process of vaccination took 45 mins. Thank you team.
It is the best IVF hospital in Pune. All the staff are very polite. Food quality is very good. Feeling happy and satisfied. Good service. Thank you so much to every doctor and every nurse.
The services and hospitality are appreciated. The nurses were available on call and very cooperative.Overall satisfied with the food quality, environment and services. Thank you.
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