Pediatric Surgery - What does a Pediatric Surgeon do? ONP Hospitals
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Pediatric Surgery

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    Overview

    Pediatric surgery is a medical specialty that focuses on the surgical treatment of children and adolescents, including babies and children under the age of one. Pediatric surgeons are the medical professionals in charge of carrying out these treatments after developing a pre-operative plan based on the results of the patient’s physical examination. The operation may be classified into various distinct areas of competence depending on who is doing it.

    General, gynecological, urological, and cardiothoracic surgery are among the procedures available. Prenatal surgery is a new specialty within this profession that is rapidly growing in popularity. Pediatric surgery is a necessary and distinct specialty because there are substantial disparities between the physiological and psychological aspects of the pediatric population and the adult population in terms of growth and development

    Everything You Need To Know About Pediatric Surgery

    What Does a Pediatric Surgeon Do?

    Adult patients are different from children. Doctors may have a difficult time communicating with patients when they are unable to adequately express what is happening to them. Their age will determine if they are aware of what is taking on.

    Pediatric surgeons are adept at putting children at ease and communicating effectively with them. Diagnostics and post-operative care are also responsibilities of pediatric surgeons. Each of the four primary forms of care that they provide may be specialized in:

    • Prenatal
    • Neonatal
    • Trauma
    • Pediatric oncology

    Types of Pediatric Surgery

    There are a variety of surgical treatments available to address pediatric diseases in children ranging from infants to teenagers. The sorts of surgeries carried out by the specialists in pediatric surgery include, but are not limited to, the following:

    • Abdominal wall surgery: To address a variety of juvenile abdominal wall abnormalities, including gastroschisis and omphalocele
    • Airway and respiratory surgery: To treat foreign substances in the airway and esophagus, congenital lobar emphysema, and other conditions
    • Bowel surgery: It is used to treat a variety of intestinal diseases in children, including Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
    • Cancer and tumor surgery: For the treatment and removal of a variety of common and unusual pediatric malignancies such as liver tumors, Wilms’ tumor, neuroblastoma, and others
    • Chest wall surgery: Used to treat chest wall malformations such as pectus excavatum and pectus carinatum, among others
    • Gastrointestinal surgery: Treating a variety of pediatric gastrointestinal diseases that may be congenital (acquired at birth), as well as conditions affecting the esophagus, stomach, small intestine (colon), liver, gallbladder, and pancreas that may be congenital or acquired later in life.
    • Genitourinary surgery: To provide treatment for a variety of pediatric diseases involving the urinary system and the reproductive system
    • Liver and biliary tract surgery: Used to treat a wide range of pediatric liver and biliary tract problems, including biliary atresia, choledochal cyst, and other issues
    • Lymph node surgery: It is used to treat disorders involving the lymph nodes, bean-shaped structures that may be located beneath each armpit and in the groin area, as well as in the neck, chest, and abdomen, and that serve to filter lymph fluid as it flows throughout the body.
    • Minimally invasive surgery: Standard techniques are used wherever practical and suitable, with little scarring and the shortest possible recovery time achieved by the use of incisions that are far smaller than those used in laparoscopic and thoracoscopy procedures.
    • Neonatal surgery: A kind of surgery done on neonates to treat a variety of acquired or congenital disorders
    • Ovary surgery: Ovarian tumors, cysts, and torsion are all disorders that may affect the ovaries, and this medication can help treat them.
    • Spleen surgery: Various pediatric spleen disorders, including splenomegaly, may be treated with this medication
    • Thoracic surgery: Treatment of airway, lung, esophageal, diaphragmatic, and chest wall diseases in children.
    • Trauma surgery: Treatment for patients suffering from pediatric trauma who have sustained catastrophic injuries, perhaps including burns
    • Vascular surgery: To address pediatric disorders involving the blood vessels in the body (arteries, veins, and capillaries)

    Conditions that Need it

    The following are examples of common pediatric disorders that may need pediatric surgery:

    • Congenital malformations: lymphangioma, cleft lip and palate, esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula, hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, intestinal atresia, necrotizing enterocolitis, meconium plugs, Hirschsprung’s disease, imperforate anus, undescended testes, intestinal malrotation, and intestinal Malrotation.
    • Abdominal wall defects: omphalocele, gastroschisis, hernias
    • Chest wall deformities: pectus excavatum
    • Childhood tumors: Neuroblastoma, Wilms’ tumor, rhabdomyosarcoma, ATRT, liver tumors, teratomas, kidney tumors, and other cancers
    • Conjoined twins are separated from one another

    When to See a Doctor?

    Children and teenagers may need to visit a pediatric surgeon for a variety of reasons, including:

    • Problems they’ve had since birth (congenital)
    • The removal of a tumor or malignancy.
    • Injuries
    • Transplants
    • To examine the digestive system, a colonoscopy or endoscopy is performed

    Conclusion

    Our pediatric surgery team provides treatment for children from the time they are born until they reach late adolescence. We have chosen to make pediatric care the focal point of our medical practice, and we have studied the specific characteristics of medical and surgical treatment for children via extensive training and hands-on experience in the field.

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